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Study on intestinal parasites of madras red sheep in and around Kancheepuram district

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Author: 
Sangeetha, M., Subramanian, N., Soundararajan, C. and Muthu, M.
Abstract: 

The Study on intestinal parasites of Madras red Sheep in and around Kancheepuram district was carried out for six months from March 2014 to August 2014. Parasitoloical examination of dung samples revealed the eggs of Amphistomes, Moniezia sp, Strongyle, Strongyloides, Trichuris sp. and Eimeria sp. The overall prevalence of parasitic eggs and oocysts was 72 per cent. Of this overall prevalence of 72.0%, 36.0% was infected by nematodes, 26.0% by trematodes, 16% by protozoan parasite (Eimeria sp.) and 8.0% by cestodes. The most common gastrointestinal nematodes observed in this study was the strongyle group (32.0%) compared to Strongyloides (12.0%) and Trichuris sp. (4.0%). Among the age groups (Young and Adult), younger animals (<12 months) had higher infection of nematodes (20.0%) and Eimeria sp. (14.0%) while adult sheep (>12 months) had higher infection trematodes (14.0%). Among sex, male sheep had higher infection of nematodes (22.0%), tremaotode (12.0%) and Eimeria sp. (12.0%) while female goats had higher infection of cestodes (6.0%). Among the season (summer and monsoon), sheep had heavier infection of trematodes only during summer months (26.0%) whereas sheep had heavy infection of nematodes (26.0%), Eimeria sp (10.0%) and cestodes (6.0%) during monsoon months. The worms collected from the rumen and duodenum was identfied as Paramphistomes viz., Cotylophoron cotylophorum, Fishoederius elongatus, F.cobboldi and Gastrothylax crumenifer. The worm’s collected from abomasum were Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus axei and Bunostomum trigonocephalum (Nematodes). The worms collected from intestines was identified as Moniezia expansa (Tapeworm) and the caecum was Oeophagostomum columbiunum and Trichuris ovis. Single infection of tematode (paramphistomes) and nematode had highest prevalence of 11 (22.00) and 8 (16.00%) respectively while tapeworm had the lowest with 1 (4.0%). Among the age groups (Young and Adult), younger animals (<12 months) had higher infection of trematode (32.0%), cestode (18.0%) and nematodes (26.0%) than the adult sheep. All the slaughtered sheep were males. Among the season (summer and monsoon), sheep had heavier infection of trematodes worms during summer months (52.0%) whereas sheep had heavy infection of cestode worms (16.0%) and nematodes worms (26.0%) during monsoon months.

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