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November 2015

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Ebola – An international public health emergency- Ran HAVOC in 2014
Bhattacharya, M. K., Moitra, S., Acharyya, M., Sharma Sarkar, B. and Bhattacharya, A.

In March 2014 witnessed surge of cases presenting with high fever, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, respiratory systems in parts of Africa, but as the days goes on, and physicians starts to witness loss of lives in this cases ,the public health departments in different countries rose to the alarm and realize that it is something out of ordinary ,later upon investigation ,both laboratory and epidemiological surveillance the culprit is nabbed and the loss of life attributed to a single stranded RNA...

Assessment of spatial variation of environmental and socio-economic impact of crude oil spill in the Niger Delta,...
Iloeje, A. F. and Emenike, A. I.

This paper investigates the environmental and socio-economic impact of crude oil spill on the Niger Delta oil-bearing communities, Nigeria. It went further to ascertain whether the impact is location specific or has a general trend across the communities. Three communities; Mgbede, Kwale and Ekakpamre in the two core Niger Delta States; Rivers and Delta States, were identified for this study, being most densely populated with oil fields with hyper-active oil related activities. Survey...

Isolating and identifying flavonoids of the Curcuma plant sp. (Curcuma longa) and studying their effect as antioxidant...
Abdul Monaim Hamad Majeed Al-Samarrai, Khalaf Faris Al-Samarrai and Mithaq Nazhan Mahmood

The study dealt with isolating the flavonoids from the rhizomes of curcuma sp. (Curcuma longa) and identification by the fast high performance liquid chromatographic (FHPLC).The results showed that the curcuma contained many kinds of the flavonoids (9.97μg/g of Curcumin, 8.07μg/g of Demethoxycurcumin, 39.49μg /g of Curcumol, 9.30μg/g of Isocurcumin and 8.54μg/g of Germacrone).The study is conducted to estimate the activity of the isolated Flavonoid extracts from curcuma as antioxidant in...

Insecticide degradation by gut bacteria in Cotesia vestalis haliday, a potential parasitoid of diamond back moth,...
*Srinivasa Murthy Kotilingam, Ramya Shanivarsanthe Leelesh, Venkatesan Thiruvengadam, Jalali Sushil Kumar and Abraham Verghese

Population of Cotesia vestalis, an endolarval parasitoid of Diamondback moth Plutella xylostella an important pest of crucifer crops was collected from different geographical locations in India. The gut bacteria (endosymbionts) of C.vestalis were isolated and identified. Predominant among them, Enterobacter cancerogenus was evaluated for its role in pesticide degradation of the widely used organophosphorus insecticide, Acephate. Growth of the bacterium on minimal salt media utilizing the...

Genetic diversity for yield and some quality traits in a large collection of wheat germplasm
Tejbir Singh and Upreti, M.C.

The present investigation was conducted to estimate the extent of genetic divergence among wheat accessions through hierarchical cluster analysis to formulate genetically diverse groups to facilitate choice of parents for hybridization. Based on adjusted mean of the accessions for yield per se the two hundred ninety five germplasm accessions surpassing lowest check yield were selected and analyzed for genetic diversity in an augmented block design under timely sown and late sown irrigated...

Validated UV spectrophotometric method for quantitative analysis of dapoxetine in pharmaceutical dosage form
Panchumarthy Ravisankar, Niharika, A., Pavan, G., Madhavi, V. and Shiny Susan, T.

A simple, precise, accurate, economical and reliable UV spectrophotometric method has been developed for the estimation of Dapoxetine in tablet dosage form. The Dapoxetine shows maximum absorbance at 211 nm in water and obeys Beer’s law in the concentration range of 2-10 μg /mL with good correlation coefficient (r2 = 0.9996). The results of analysis were validated by recovery studies. The percentage recovery method was found to be 99.53-100.41%. The relative standard deviation was found to...

Changes in amygdalin content of the juice from Japanese apricot (Prunusmume) fruit, following heat concentration
Isamu Nakano, Hironori Juichi, Takeshi Hamaguchi, Shelake Rahul Mahadev, Masahiro Miyashita, Hisashi Miyagawa, Eugene Hayato Morita

In the fruit of Japanese apricot (Prunusmume), many useful medicinal compounds are contained. To gain these useful medicinal components efficiently, many manufacturing technologies were developed. One of these is the heat concentration of mume fruit juice. Heat concentration process concentrated the useful components effectively, and can be applied as the raw material preparation technique for the processed goods. In Ehime prefecture, for example, Izumirengekai manufactured the heat...

Bioassay fractionation based antifungal assay of stems of Cissus quadrangularis (Linn.)
Vishnuthari, N. and Dr. Shubashini K. Sripathi

Cissus quadrangularis is a herb claimed to be used for the treatment of various diseases by common man. This plant possesses immense medicinal potential and since there are not many scientific studies carried out on the stem parts of this plan, the biological evaluation of the stems was taken up. The ethanol extract of stems of cissus quadrangularis was analyzed for its antifungal activity by disc diffusion method. The ethanol extract showed antifungal activity against Monoscus ruber...

Comparision of outcome of labour in premature rupture of membranes in mature vertex pregnancy between primigravida and...
Dr. Indira Surya Kumari, K. and Sindhuja, D.

AIM: Objective of the study is to evaluate the outcome of labor of premature rupture of membranes in mature vertex pregnancy regarding mode of delivery, latent period following PROM, maternal morbidity, infant morbidity and mortality, and influence of latent period on maternal morbidity, infant morbidity and mortality and to compare the outcome of primigravida with multigravida. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, in labour room of...

Fallacy of using odds ratio as a measure of association in prospective studies
Rajneesh K Joshi, Monil, Anurag Khera and Sheela V. Godbole

Many prospective studies report Odds Ratio as measure of association between exposure and outcome, even though Risk Ratio / Rate Ratio can be directly measured in these studies. We reviewed the relationship between Odds Ratio and Risk Ratio in prospective studies and problems associated with the use of Odds Ratio as measure of association in them. Odds approximates probability and Odds Ratio approximates Risk Ratio only when probability of outcome is small (<10%). If association between...

Prevailing trends in eye care sector evoke for regulating primary eye care services
Hira Maqsood, Mr. Habib Ur Rehman and Mr. Mirza Kashif Baig

Objective: This study intends to highlight major factors leading to continuous acclivity observe in prevalence of eye disorder. Method: Two small surveys conducted deploying two separate questionnaires based on descriptive research to encompass and contrast conspectus of 200 individuals against expert opinion of 20 ophthalmologists highlighting major factors leading to escalated trends in prevalence of eye disorder. Data was collected employing random sampling in one and half month from...

Tunable bandgap energy and optical constants of nano crystalline FE2MN2NI0.5ZN1.5O9
Anitha S. Nair and Jayakumari Isac

A characteristic feature of all solid-state reactions is that they involve the formation of product phase(s) at the interfaces of the reactants. Nano Crystalline Ceramic Ferromanganese nickel zinc oxide (Fe2Mn2Ni0.5Zn1.5O9) was prepared by the solid state reaction method via a high-energy ball milling process through mechanically assisted synthesis and calcined in a specially designed high temperature furnace at different treating temperatures. UV-VIS analysis of the sample was carried out....

Spontaneous chronic subdural hematoma in a 12 years old boy a rare case report
Dr. Dinesh Sodhi, Dr. Neelima Arora Sodhi and Dr. Ritu Gaur

Spontaneous chronic subdural hematoma in childhood or adolescence is very unusual. Most of the subdural hematomas are due to head injury. Here we are presenting a case of a 12 year old boy whose computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging depicted a chronic subdural hematoma in the left frontotemporoparietal region with mass effect.

Heavy metal assessement of dumpsites soil in ilorin metropolis, Kwara State
Sholadoye Q. Oyeniyi and Nwoye Elias, E.

Evaluations of some heavy metals were carried out at four different dumpsite within Ilorin metropolis and its environments using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The mean heavy metal concentrations of the dumpsites were found to follow the trend: Mn>Fe>Zn>Cd>Pb with concentrations 4234.53±0.038, 1525.55±0.873, 966.8±0.2151, 387.30±0.561, 40.87±0.21 (μg/g) respectively. High concentration of iron and manganese may be attributed to...

Socio-economic analysis for the impact of adoption & diffusion of major vegetable crop (onion) improve seeds at...
Abduelsalam Gumaa Abduelaziz, Hussein Mohamed Badawi, Fteemaezzeldin and Mohammed Abdallah Teabin

This study was carried out from 2012- 2014 at Jebel Marra rural development Project (Central Darfur State)-Sudan. To assess the impact of grassroots participation on how it facilitates the adoption and diffusion of agricultural innovations packages (improved onion seeds). As well as how personal characteristics equipped impact on adoption and diffusion of new technology packages transferred among the targeted population. To achieve the objectives of this study, the area were divided into...

In vitro bio efficacy of microbial antagonists against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum
Sanjay Gandhi, S. and Usha rani, S.

The bio efficacy of T. viride and P. fluorescens isolates were tested in in vitro against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum causing wilt of cotton. Among the T. viride isolates, Tv7 and P.fluorescens isolates, Pf5 significantly inhibited the growth of F. oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum tested by the dual culture technique than the control. Similarly, the culture filtrate of Tv7 and Pf5 isolates were significantly inhibits the growth of F. oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum. The reduction of...

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