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March 2015

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Acti-zyme biochemical properties: potential for use in anaerobic sewage treatment co-generating biogas
Manyuchi, M. M., Ikhu-Omoregbe, D. I. O. and Oyekola, O. O.

The biochemical properties for Acti-zyme, a biocatalyst were characterized for potential use in anaerobic sewage treatment with the aim of producing biogas. Sterile Acti-zyme media containing peptone water was plated on the MacConkey Agar, Starch Agar, Kliger Agar, Urease Agar, Sulphide Indole and Motility Agar at 37.5°C for 24 hours, at a pH of 7±0.2. Acti-zyme was found to be immotile and contained several enzymes that have different applications in sewage treatment. These included...

Formal land ownership and housing development in Lagos State, Nigeria
Bako Abdullateef Iyanda

Lack of access to formal land and strenuous regulations guiding land acquisition have hampered housing development in Lagos state. These are mostly resulted from inadequate provision for land, tendency towards over regulation and administrative and institutional framework that are hostile to the people. The resultant effect of which is shortage of housing supply and development of slums. It is against this background that this study aims at assessing formal land ownership and housing...

Hybrid window functions: signal to noise ratio improvement of MST radar signals
Ravi Krishna Reddy, D. and Dr. Anuradha, B.

In this paper the effect of window shape parameter ‘α’ in Hybrid window functions on the signal to noise ratio (SNR) values of the Indian Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) radar is computed. The six parts of multibeam observations of the lower atmosphere made by the MST radar are utilized for the analysis of results. Prior to the Fourier transformation, the in-phase and quadrature components of radar echo samples are weighted with proposed Hybrid windows based on the Kaiser-Hamming,...

Does access to electricity reduce biomass use for energy purposes in peddie?
Ashby Montoeli Rantlo and Gavin Gilbert Fraser

In Peddie, the households use electricity and biomass for energy purposes. While some households use both, others use only biomass. This study investigates whether access to electricity has an effect on biomass use or not. There are social, economic and environmental factors that influence the effect that access to electricity has on biomass use. The study uses linear regression, ANOVA and Chi square tests to analyze the data. The results indicate that household income, employment status and...

Effect of climate on the growth and yield of maize cultivars (zea mays) in yola
Wache Paul Zira, Abubakar Sadiq Umar and Pkilemon Headboy

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of climate on growth and yield of maize cultivars in greater Yola. To achieve this objectives an experimental farm was establish in teaching and research farm of department of crop production ModibboAdama University of Technology Yola, which is part of the study area and weather station is found adjacent to the farm was used collect the climatic data. The research involved planting three different maize cultivars namely: cultivar 1 (local maize...

Brain fever that wreak havoc in northern districts of West Bengal – a devastating tale of killing power of Japanese...
Bhattacharya, M. K., Moitra, S., Bhattacharya, A., Chowdhury, S. and Sharma Sarkar, B.

In Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, with up to 70,000 cases reported annually. Case-fatality rates range from 0.3% to 60% and depend on the population and age. Rare outbreaks in U.S. territories in the Western Pacific have also occurred. Residents of rural areas in endemic locations are at highest risk; Japanese encephalitis does not usually occur in urban
areas. The districts situated in northern Bengal witnessed massive loss of life...

Using generalized anharmonic – correlated Einstein model in XAFS theory for calculation the thermodynamic parameters...
Dr. Nguyen Ba Duc

A new procedure for calculation and analysics of X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) cumulants of mixed body center cubic (bcc) crystals has been derived based on quantum statistical theory with generalized anharmonic correlated Einstein model. This study has formulated the expressions that are describing asymmetric component for dopant bcc crystals such as the first cumulant or net thermal expansion, the second cumulant or mean square relative displacement (MSRD), the third cumulant, and...

Effect of seasonal variation in mineral composition of leaves of Senna occidentalis L. grown in fadama and upland...
Umar Tambari, Bashir Ladan Aleiro, Sanusi Muhammad and Lawal Gusau Hassan

This study was undertaken to investigate mineral composition of the leaves of S. occidentalis L. used traditionally for nutritional purposes. Hence, leaf samples collected from fadama and upland locations were analyzed using Microkjeldahl method (N), Colorimetry Vanadomolybdate (Yellow) Method (P), Flame Photometry Method (Na and P), EDTA Titration Method (Ca and Mg), Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometery Method (Mn, Cu, Zn, and Fe), and Mohr Titration Method (Cl-). ANOVA and LSD at 5% level...

A case of looping of internal carotid artery discovered during neck dissection
Dr. Santhosh Kumar, N., Dr. Shaji Thomas, Dr. Subanshu Gupta and Dr. Sharath K Krishnan

Internal carotid artery usually runs a straight course in the neck. Anomalies of ICA are rare and among them looping of ICA are very rare. Such anomalies can lead to injury to ICA during neck surgeries. We report a case looping of ICA in a patient with carcinoma tongue and detected during elective neck dissection

Histochemical and biochemical studies of the snake; Psammophis schokari inhabiting different geographical habitats
Rehab M. Hussein and Nahed A. Hussien

Snakes of the family Psammophiidae are abundant throughout Africa and are the most commonly encountered snakes within their areas of occurrence. The Schokari sand snake, Psammophis schokari, is a colubrid snake distributed widely on the western Mediterranean coastal plain, widespread over much in the dune fields of the north Sinai. Sixteen specimens of the snake Psammophis schokari were collected from two different geographical habitats: El Daba as a coastal area and El Maghara as a desert-...

A note on the occurrence and taxonomy of Arabian cucumber (Cucumis dipsaceus ehrenb. ex spach.) in India
Geethakumary, M. P., Deepu, S. and Pandurangan, A. G.

Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach. naturally grown in African countries and Egypt known as Arabian cucumber has been used in those areas as leafy vegetable. Recently, it has been reported from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The present communication confirms its occurrence in Kerala and also deals with taxonomy of the species for ready reckoner.

Socio-demographic characteristics of HIV/AIDS patients visiting art centres of Western India
Rajeev R. Shah and Pandya, HP.

Background: At the beginning of pandemic of HIV, it’s prevalence had been extremely dominated by male patients, but afterward this gender gape diminished very fast. In India disease is not generalised but seen in some high risk group like drivers, labourers etc. Our studied area, i.e. Gujarat state contains big amount of migratory labourer from other states of India.
Material &Method: Total 1261 HIV positive patients were included in the study out of which 961 (T...

A review on a microencapsulation of fish oil to improve oxidative stability
Asma Fakir, Ashish Gadhave and Jyotsna Waghmare

Fish oil is the lipid fraction extracted from fish and fish by-products. Currently, the production of fish oil is becoming more demanding as there is a sizeable and growing world market demand for high quality fish oils. The most important constituents of fish oils are the omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These fatty acids are precursors of eicosanoids that helps to alleviate inflammation in the body and also have other health benefits....

Macrophyte preference and aquatic entomofaunal diversity of Kapla Beel, a fresh water wetland of Barpeta District of...
Alakesh Barman and Binode Kumar Baruah

The Present study on Insect resources of Kapla Beel revealed presence of diverse insect fauna in the wetland. A total of 34 insect species were identified comprising of 5 families order Coleoptera with 20 genera, 6 families of Hemiptera with 8 genera, 2 families of Odonata with 2 genera, 2 families Diptera with 2 genera and 1 family of Ephemeroptera with 2 genera. Coleoptera was recorded in highest number followed by Hemiptera, Odonata, Diptera and Ephemeroptera respectively. The order...

Impeding malware detection and analysis for binary execution in cipherxray
Aruna, K. Jayalakshmi, G. Sathyavathy, S. Rekhaswathi, G. and Sudhani, B.

Malwares have become progressively lurking, a lot of malwares are victimisation cryptographical algorithms (e.g., packing, encrypting C&C communication) to shield themselves from being analyzed. The utilization of cryptographical algorithms and really transient cryptographical secrets within the malware binary imposes a key obstacle to effective malware analysis and defense. To modify more practical malware analysis, forensics, and reverse engineering, we have got developed CipherXRay -...

Genetic diversity analysis of medicinally important plant – Orthosiphon stamineus benth. using random primers
Dhupashini Mahendra Kumar, Nandini Jagdeesh Kannan and 2Florida Tilton

Genetic diversity studies are regarded as a necessary prerequisite for present and future plant improvement, and crucial for improving any plant species. Polymorphism among species of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. were studied using molecular technique RAPD-PCR analysis. The RAPD banding pattern reflected the genetic diversity among Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. Three out of eight random primers screened revealed polymorphism among the genotypes. The RAPD primers resulted in the amplification...



               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM