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December 2014

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Detection and removal of cracks in digitized paintings
Pratap Kumar Dakua, Dr.S.S.Nayak and Sunila Kumar Swain

Several methods have been proposed for detection and removal of cracks in digitized paintings. Cracks deteriorate the quality of painting. A technique for the detection and removal of cracks in digitized image paintings that adapts and integrates a number of processing and analysis tools for digitized image painting is presented in this paper. The cracks are detected by thresholding the output of the morphological top-hat transform. After detecting cracks, a modified adaptive median filter (...

Interaction effect of am fungi, rhizobium and drought stress on chickpea
Dr. Sadhana, B.

Biofertilizers are the microbial inoculam which enhanced the soil fertility and crop yield. This study was initiated with the interaction of AM Fungi, Rhizobium and drought stress on the growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum, L.). The dual inoculation of AM fungi and Rhizobium showed the synergistic effect on morphological features and physiological tolerance of such legume species under green house condition with few days of drought condition. The efficiency of such biofertilizers in dual...

The alarming levels of corruption in zimbabwe: an analysis of this dark side of the nation (2013 – 2014)
Dr. Silas Luthingo Rusvingo

Several methods have been proposed for detection and removal of cracks in digitized paintings. Cracks deteriorate the quality of painting. A technique for the detection and removal of cracks in digitized image paintings that adapts and integrates a number of processing and analysis tools for digitized image painting is presented in this paper. The cracks are detected by thresholding the output of the morphological top-hat transform. After detecting cracks, a modified adaptive median filter (...

Real time embedded based drinking water vending machine
Sasikala, G., Kuldipsing Rajput, Sarfaraj Hussain and Aastha Shrivastava

Now-a-days, automated vending machines are most in use as they make various activities not only easier but also more efficient. This paper introduces the self-serviced drinking water machine. This machine has numerous input and outputs to provide service to the customer. This machine is similar to vending machine. It is coin operated machine. It accepts only coins as input like Rs.1, Rs.2, and Rs.5 in any sequence and delivers drinking water. The main motto of this system is to avoid the...

Cirsoid aneurysm of scalp
Dr. Dinesh Sodhi, Dr. Neelima Arora, and Dr. Krishna Veer Singh Choudhary

Cirsoid aneurysm is an AV malformation having abnormal communications between feeding arteries and draining veins without intervening capillary bed in the subcutaneous layer. Cirsoid aneurysms of the scalp are rare lesions. They are usually congenital and less commonly post traumatic. The two cases presented with progressively increasing pulsatile scalp swelling and their diagnosis was confirmed by CT and MR angiogram.

Aspartate aminotransferase -to- platelet ratio index (APRI) for the prediction of hepatitis c–related fibrosis
Shah NA, Chauhan Imran, Kadla SA, Irfan Ali, Asif iqbal, Afroza Jan, Muzafar Bindroo and Sakshi Sharma

Background: Chronic hepatitis C is a major public health problem affecting an estimated 150 million individuals globally. About 75–85% of newly infected persons develop chronic infection and 60–70% of them develop chronic liver disease; 5–20% develops cirrhosis and 1-5% die from cirrhosis or liver cancer. Assessment of liver disease severity is recommended prior to therapy. In chronic hepatitis C (CHC), liver biopsy is the gold standard method for assessing liver histology, however it is...

An empirical assessment of the participatory model of rural sustainability: tracing the roots of inspiration to the...
Dnyandev Talule and Suvarna Suryanshi

The adoption of the concept of an ideal village model consisting of village level identical archaeology, local level planning of the economy, equality based social system, maintenance of socio-economic health, significance of the village parliament, democratic decision making and the provision of merit public goods through decentralized planning is not new to Indian society. It is observed that sustained upwards economic mobility, full employment and inclusive growth of the rural society...

Effect of different organic manures and fertilizers on yield and nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L.)
Virendra Singh Tanwar

A field experiment was conducted using maize as a test crop at Zonal Agriculture Research Station, Navile, Shimoga, Karnataka during 2013. The experiment consists nine treatment laid in three replication using three different organic manures viz., FYM, Vermicompost and Poultry manure with fertilizers and neem coated urea. The results indicated neem coated urea significantly increased nutrient availability and uptake by maize crop. Application of 100 % RD-N through Neem coated urea (4 ml neem...

Macroanatomy of female reproductive tract during laying and non-laying period in adult emu birds (dromaius...
Vijayakumar, K., Balasundaram, K., *Paramasivan, S., Kumaravel, A. and Madhu, N.

The female reproductive system of the emu consisted of an unpaired ovary appearing as bunch of grapes and an oviduct. The ovary is dark brown to black in colour with numerous ovarian follicles concentrated on the ventral surface, which was attached to the bodies of the lumbar vertebrae by the mesovarium and closely related to the ventral surface of the cranial and middle lobes of the left kidney. The ventral surface of the ovary is covered with developing ovarian follicles and by the spleen...

Diabetes patients need support to practise self-monitoring of blood glucose levels
Philip C. Onuoha and Chidum E. Ezenwaka

Diabetes self-management practice is one of the strategies for diabetes control. A previous European study have shown that knowledge, support, motivation and empowerment are important factors that influence diabetes self-management. The present study sought to determine if Trinidad and Tobago type 2 diabetes patients who self-managed their diabetes through self-monitoring of blood glucose levels (SMBG) needed and/or received any support. Thus, 416 primary care type 2 diabetes patients who...

Analytical modelling for confinement of high strength concrete columns with glass fibre reinforced polymer wrapping
Jagannathan Saravanan

Fibre reinforced polymer confined columns have been developed for new construction rehabilitation of concrete structures such as piers or piles in civil engineering field. The design oriented confinement model predominant in designing FRP confined concrete columns. The design model is directly based on in interpretation of experimental result. In this study one model is presented for reinforced concrete columns externally reinforced with fibre reinforced polymer wraps using finite element...

Somatic embryogenesis and plantlet regeneration from nodal cultures of Celastrus paniculatus willd. – a rare endangered...
Aravind Barad, Vijaykumar B. Malashetty and Seetharam, Y. N.

An efficient protocol has been developed for the induction, maturation and germination of somatic embryos from nodal segments of Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Somatic embryos were induced on Murashige and Skoog (1962) (MS) basal medium containing 1.0 mg l-1 benzyladenine (BA) + 1.0 mg l-1 kinetin (Kn). The explants with primary embryogenic callus was subsequently transferred onto MS + B5 vitamins Gamborg’s et al. (1968) liquid and semi-solid medium supplemented with 0.5 mg l-1...

The unsuccessful hunt for pancreatic cancer biomarkers – time to search deeper in the proteome
Byron Baron

Proteomics has been successful in the identification of reliable diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for a wide variety of malignancies. In addition, therapeutic biomarkers have allowed for the identification of radio- or chemo-resistant phenotypes and the selection of sub-type-specific therapies. However, the hunt for biomarkers of any kind related to pancreatic cancer has so far turned up unfruitful. The few high-potential candidates which have been found so far, still do not show the...

Development of a soya bean oil extracting machine
Anebi, G. J., Umogbai, V. I. and Obetta, S. E.

An expelling machine for extracting oil from soya bean seeds was designed and fabricated for market-oriented production. The procedures employed the design stage, construction and testing. The machine components are: the speed reduction gear, expellant unit, drains collector, driving and driven pulleys, and the hopper. The expelling unit consists of a screw expellant shaft with expellant barrel. The soya bean seeds were pre-heated by roasting before extraction of the oil in it. The machine...

Influence of colour on the sensory perception of ready-to-drink soy milk
Alfee Bustamante Capule and Eufemio G. Barcelon

Food companies rely on sensory evaluation to determine the acceptability of their product. This study provided a data on the sensory perception of ready-to-drink soy milk using only colour as a ranking characteristic. Specifically, it aimed to answer whether the colour of ready-to-drink soy milk can influence sensory parameters like sweetness, aftertaste, naturalness and artificiality, liking and consumption. The study made use of five different coloured ready-to-drink soy milk and...

Soil fertility, weed biomass and cassava (manihot esculenta crantz) performance under different mulch types
Osundare, B.

Although, empirical evidence from many parts of the world indicates significant and positive effects of mulching on improving soil conditions, crop yield, as well as suppression of weeds, with resultant improved agricultural productivity. However, in Southwestern Nigeria, there is paucity of published scientific data and research information on the relative effectiveness of mulch types on improving soil conditions, cassava root yield and reducing weed biomass. Consequent upon this, a two –...

Approximate strongly nonlinear equation by spline method
Adel. Almarashi and Abo-el-nor.Abd-alla

In this paper, we employ an approximate analytical method, namely the spline method(SM) to investigate a thin film of a third grade fluid down an inclined plane and provided accurate solution unlike other erroneous results available in the literature. The variation of the velocity field for different parameters is compared with the numerical values obtained by the Runge – Kutta Fehlberg method and with the homotopy perturbation method (HPM). Moreover, we found that for all values of...

Management of armyworm outbreak in rice field of chitwan district
Ram Prasad Mainali, Naresh Dangi, Sunil Aryal, Ghanshyam Bhandari and Ajaya Shree Ratna Bajracharya

The outbreak of armyworm is uncertain and causing substantial yield loss in rice. Hence, an action research was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of different management treatments as, i) Emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 0.3 gm/lit; ii) Cypermethrin 25 EC @ 1ml/lit; iii) Fenvalerate 20 EC @ 1 ml/lit; and iv. Untreated check against two armyworm species namely, Mythimna separata (Walker) and Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) during outbreak in rice field of Piple, Chitwan in October, 2013. The...

Climate change effects on maize (zea mays) production in Nigeria and strategies for mitigation
Ezeaku, I.E., Okechukwu, E.C. and Aba, C.

Although Nigeria is the leading producer of maize in Africa, effects of climate change especially high temperature, and irregular changes in precipitation are critically limiting its crop yield. In order to sustain high crop yield of maize in spite of the climate change and the rapid increasing population in the country, there is urgent need to study the responses of maize crop to variables of climate change so as to design effective coping strategies. The objective of this study therefore...

Automated wireless fingerprint attendance system
Mr. Sagar Wale and Dr. Patil, S.A.

The Traditional wired attendance systems or paper based attendance system a automated wireless fingerprint attendance system based on ZigBee technology is proposed. The system includes independent fingerprint acquisition module and attendance management module in computer. System realizes various functions such as information acquisition of fingerprint, processing, wireless transmission, fingerprint matching, and attendance management. Automatically considering topology of ZigBee network,...

Non-linear behavior of fiber reinforced concrete composite until collapse. a new procedure for random fiber generation
Horta-Rangel, J., Perez-Rea, L., Rojas-Gonzalez, E., Lopez-Lara, T. and Hernandez-Zaragoza, J.

On this work it was developed a Computational analysis of a Fiber reinforced concrete composite (FRCC), with steel fibers. Composite models are subjected to tensile stresses under quasi-static loads until reach the collapse. Of the great importance was the random fiber distribution inside the composite and their fully integration into the concrete matrix, for this purpose it was developed an algorithm that generates the fibers in three levels of random location by using local spherical...

Empirical investigation of the factors influencing business performance among women entrepreneurs in small and medium...
Nazleen Nur Ain Zulkurnain, Fatin Izzati Khairushalimi, Nurul Hafizah Azizan and Sabri Ahmad

The main purpose of this study was to assess the factors that affect the business performance of women entrepreneurs in small and medium enterprise (SMEs). A survey methodology using simple random sampling was carried out, covering the women entrepreneurs that registered under SME Corporation. A structured questionnaire was then distributed to 100 out of 120 women entrepreneurs. In this study, MANOVA was used to examine whether economic factor, social factor, legal/administrative factor and...

Effect of sub-chronic administration of celecoxib, ibuprofen and aspirin on lipids and total protein levels of albino...
Iba, I. U., Etim, O. E., Ebe, N. U., Eghianruwa, Q. A. and Akpanyung

The effect of sub-chronic administration of non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like celecoxib, Ibuprofen and aspirin on lipids and serum protein was investigated. The animals were divided into four groups, group 1 served as control. Group II was administered with 11.4mg/kg body weight dose of celecoxib, 17.14mg/kg body weight of ibuprofen was gavaged to animals in group III while group IV received 8.57mg/kg of aspirin. The lipid profile and protein levels from the serum of the...

Influence of sky view factor on temperature variability in urban Jimeta, Nigeria
Ambrose A. Zemba and Emeje Daniel Peter

Urban geometry has complex influence on the micro climate of the urban environment. The most important geometric effect is that of the sky view factor (SVF). This study has investigated the influence of Sky view factor on urban micro climate of the city of Jimeta, Nigeria. A total of 6 study sites were selected within the metropolis with theYola international airport’s meteorological station as the control station. Data on the land use and land cover (LULC) categorization, sky view factor,...

Gocken technology: enhancing health of haplic acrisols and multiplication of taro in Nigeria
Chukwu, G. O., Okoye, B. C., Onwubiko, O., Okonkwo, E.I., Okpechi, I. and C. O. Amadi

The National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike, Nigeria, developed Gocken Rapid Multiplication Technology (GRMT) as a solution to twin challenges of declining soil fertility and scarcity of taro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott) planting materials. This was demonstrated in a field experiment conducted on a Haplic Acrisol (FAO/UNESCO) correlated with dystric Typic Paleudult (USDA) at Umudike (5°241 to 5°301 N; 7°311N to 7°371 E), southeast agro-ecological zone of Nigeria, in 2008...

Vulnerability of flood in India: A remote sensing and GIS approach for warning, mitigation and management
Prafulla Kumar Panda

The conventional means to record hydrological parameters of a flood often fail to record an extreme event. Remote sensing technology along with Geographic Information System (GIS) has become the key tool for flood monitoring in recent years. Development in this field has evolved from optical to microwave remote sensing, which has provided all weather capability compared to the optical sensors for the purpose of flood mapping. The central focus in this field revolves around delineation of...

Phytochemical and thrombolytic activity of grewia orbiculata rottler. leaf
Srinivasa Reddy, C. H., Aravind, G., Akhila, R., Devi Priya, P. and Aradhya Sarma, B. V. L.

Grewia orbiculata of family TILICEAE is widely used in the traditional medicine for the various diseases. In present study, the plant parts (leaves) were shade dried and phytochemicals were extracted with polarity based solvents like hexane, ethylacetate and methanol. The three different extracts showed great variation in terms of phytochemical composition. The various phytochemicals in leaf includes Alkaloids, tannins, terpenoids, flavonoids saponins. These wide range of chemical...

Validation and utilization of the soil conservation services (scs) for furrow irrigation design method
Samir M. Ismail, Tarek K. Zin El-Abedin, Abd-Allah Zein El-Din and Abeer Hedia

The main objective of this work is to validate and utilize USDA-SCS furrow irrigation design method. Soil data were collected from 22 locations in Nile Delta to get the soil texture and infiltration functions. According to the collected data, the Egyptian soils were classified into three groups: clay, clay loam, and sandy loam. Linear regression analysis was used to determine the average infiltration constants for each group. It was found that the infiltration constant C= 7 for all families...

Knowledge and practice of medical waste management among health workers in a Nigerian general hospital
Prosper OU. Adogu, Chika F. Ubajaka and Joachim E. Nebuwa

Background: Medical waste is hazardous posing serious threats to environmental health and requiring specific treatment and management prior to final disposal. The problem is growing with an ever-increasing number of hospitals, clinics, and diagnostic laboratories in Nigeria, yet there is dearth of information for planning an effective intervention. This study assessed the knowledge and practice of medical waste management among healthcare workers at a General hospital in Anambra, Nigeria....

Nano-synthesis, electrical and 3d-afm investigations of free- fluoride high performance -mica- clay
Khaled M. Elsabawy

Advanced solid state / solution routes were applied to synthesize new family of free-fluoride synthetic clay for water remediation applications. The selected samples of synthetic free fluoride –Na-4-mica were having the general formula (Na4Mg6M4Si4O22.nH2O) where M = Al, Bi and Cr3+. Structural and micro-structural properties were monitoring by using both of XRD and SEM evaluating, grain size of the mica bulk was found to be in between 2.37- 3.43 μm which are lower than those reported in...

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