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Knowledge and perception of diabetes mellitus management among patients in federal medical centre, Yenagoa Bayelsa state

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Author: 
Ojewale Margaret, Onasoga Yinka, Bitrus Donald, Yusuf Abdur-rashid and Abeki Ruth
Abstract: 

Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most challenging chronic illnesses these days. Poor knowledge and wrong perception of this disease and its management often results in poor control, severe complications and increased incidence of morbidity and mortality among its sufferers. This descriptive study was to assess knowledge and perception of diabetes mellitus and its management among diabetic patients in Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 150 patients using the rule of thumb and a structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A copy of the questionnaire was presented to clinicians, research experts and a statistician for review and necessary inputs and was pre -tested on 10 patients at Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital Okolobiri yielding a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.89. Data obtained was presented in tables, figures; pie and bar charts and formulated hypotheses tested using Chi-square (X2). Ethical approval was sought and obtained and all respondent were duly assured of confidentiality during the period of study. Findings revealed high knowledge as well as positive perception of diabetes mellitus and its management among participants. Cost of treatment, lack of awareness to seek care, educational status, and cultural beliefs were identified as factors influencing participants’ perception of diabetes and its management. A significant relationship was observed between perception of respondents and their knowledge of diabetes mellitus and its management. Nurses were advised to ensure that diabetic patients have knowledge and positive perception of the disease condition and its management through continuous patient education.

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