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Identification of peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (saunders) in Iraq

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Author: 
Samira A. Khlaywi, Hussain F. Alrubeai, Ali Dhumad Kadhim. Ahmed Fawzi Abbas and Sabreen A. Hadi
Abstract: 

Results of field study was carried out in citrus and fruit orchards in AL- Gherai̕at region/ Baghdad during season 2016 showed the first appearance of peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) in addition to the presence of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata according to the results of the pheromone traps. The diagnostic characteristics that were adopted for the diagnose of the peach fruit fly B. zonata, as follows: (a) the presence of a small dark spot near the wing tip, (b) with has a black scutum and a black ‘T’ pattern on abdominal terga III-V. Infestation with this pest recorded on different host plant, the highest rate of infestation was (22) on the pear fruits and the lowest rate of infestation was (zero) on the sweet orange. This rate of infestation represents mixed infestation with both species of fruit fly, peach fruit fly B. zonata and Mediterranean fruit fly, C. capitata.

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