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Delivery of veterinary drugs : An exclusive monopoly in Senegal

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Author: 
Ndao, Y., Wélé, A. and Diarra, M.
Abstract: 

Application of law 2008-07 on veterinary medicine practice, has made retail sale of veterinary drugs exclusive to Senegal. Veterinary doctors prescribe and deliver veterinary drugs. This situation limits the monopoly of pharmacist, who may or may not receive prescriptions. The objective of our work, is to study retail sale of veterinary drugs monopoly. It's a survey conducted in DAKAR and DIOURBEL areas, with 15 veterinary doctors and 40 pharmacists. Also, law 2008-07 on practice of veterinary medicine and pharmacy has been analyzed. The law allows veterinary doctors to keep pharmacy open, and veterinary drugs are mostly stored in cabinets, and retail distribution become exclusive to them. Also, cascade prescription is not respected. Therefore, it's important to limit veterinarians competences and to reinforce collaboration between pharmacists and groups of breeders, which is insignificant. As for dispensing pharmacists, they are not trained on animal diseases, and more than half have a small stock of drugs, which not exceed two products. In addition, they receive no prescription. However, drifts affecting veterinary medicine practice could lead the sector to lose its health aspect. Monopoly reframing is necessary to stop conflicts of interest. In one hand, it will be a question of limiting veterinary doctors competences, on the other hand clarifying actors obligations on delivery.

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               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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